The Revolution of 1911 ended the feudal monarchy of more than 2,000 years, and the costumes of the Chinese nation entered a new era. Prior to this, the reformist Kang Youwei in 1894 and the foreign minister Wu Tingfang in the early years of Xuantong, had request to change chinese clothing; from traditional to suits. With the impact of Western culture，the colorful costumes finally rushed to the clothing hierarchy. Traditional robes, shirts, trousers, pants, and skirts are increasingly influenced by Western clothing and replaced by new styles of many new varieties.
In the early years of the Republic of China, there was a situation in which the suits and attire were in parallel with the robes and magua. Wearing a suit and wearing a top hat is considered to be the most solemn dress.
In this situation, Sun Yat-sen is determined to set up his own Chinese clothing. After careful thinking, careful design, and soliciting opinions, he finally created a set of simple clothing with Chinese national characteristics – Zhongshang suit.
The Chinese tunic suit designed by Sun Yat-sen based on Guangdong casual clothes, adding a lapel collar on the straight collar, like “transplanting” the hard collar of the shirt inside the suit.
Sun Yat-sen personally set up a new costume and personally took the lead in wearing it on various occasions. Because this kind of clothing has many advantages, mainly the appearance is beautiful and generous. It can be made from high-quality fabrics or from general fabrics. It can be used as a dress or as a daily dress. Therefore, it is very popular among the masses and it is called “Zhongshan Suit”. Later, Sun Yat-sen vigorously advocated and popularized it, and temporarily wore “Zhongshan Suit”, which was advocated by the whole country and became Fengshang.
Cheongsam was also popular during this period. Since the 1920s, women love cheongsam, and cheongsam has gradually become fashion. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, costumes are simple and practical. According to the records, the first Han women wearing a robe flag were female students in Shanghai. They wore spacious cheongsams, which aroused the envy of women from all walks of life and followed suit. At the same time, public opinion has also praised this. Thus, cheongsam became the most fashionable clothing for women at that time.
As a traditional national costume in China, cheongsam has certain characteristics. Its lines are concise and beautiful, and the shape is simple and generous. It is more suitable for women to wear and has some influence in the international arena. In recent years, Chinese fashion designers have brainstormed and introduced new styles, combining traditional cheongsam styles with modern women’s styles, and making cheongsam appear in front of people with a new look.